Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Page: 56-61
Pre-emptive and Reactive FF on Intermediate Iranian EFL Learners’ Vocabulary Learning
Zohreh Seifoori, Department of English Language, Islamic Azad University-Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran
Jafar Zamanian, Department of English Language, Islamic Azad University-Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran
Received: Feb. 4, 2014;       Published: Mar. 20, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.20140202.12      View  2543      Downloads  196
This quasi-experimental study investigated the effect of pre-emptive focus on form (PFF) and reactive focus on form (RFF) on vocabulary learning of Iranian English language learners. Ninety female language learners in three intact classes participated in the study at Iran Language Institute (ILI) in Qazvin, Iran. The groups were randomly assigned as two experimental groups and one control group. For eight weeks, the experimental group 1 was taught using the pre-emptive technique while the experimental group 2 received reactive FF instruction while doing their reading comprehension and vocabulary tasks. The control group did not receive any forms of focus on form techniques on their tasks. The research data obtained from the Preliminary English Test (PET) as a pre-test and post-test were analyzed via a One- Way ANOVA test and T-test. The results from paired samples t-test analysis of the pre-test and post-test data revealed that both PFF and RFF techniques improved vocabulary learning of Iranian learners at intermediate level. However, the results of a One-Way ANOVA test indicated that the differences between the two experimental groups were not statistically significant. Based upon the conclusion drawn from the study, FF techniques are recommended to be integrated into English instruction.
Preemptive FF- Reactive FF-Vocabulary Learning
To cite this article
Zohreh Seifoori, Jafar Zamanian, Pre-emptive and Reactive FF on Intermediate Iranian EFL Learners’ Vocabulary Learning, International Journal of Language and Linguistics. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2014, pp. 56-61. doi: 10.11648/j.ijll.20140202.12
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