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Volume 2, Issue 6-1, November 2014, Page: 19-27
Investigating the Relationship between Iranian High School Female Students’ Spiritual Intelligence, Language Proficiency and Self-Esteem
Hajar Aghaei, English Department, Abadeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abadeh, Iran
Fatemeh Behjat, English Department, Abadeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abadeh, Iran
Mohammad Rostampour, English Department, Abadeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abadeh, Iran
Received: Sep. 8, 2014;       Accepted: Sep. 12, 2014;       Published: Nov. 18, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2014020601.14      View  3357      Downloads  249
Abstract
Spiritual intelligent refers to people's capacity to express and represent spiritual resources, values, and properties to improve and advance everyday performance. Language proficiency refers to a system which is suitable to communicate. Self-esteem is a construct of within the field of psychology and it refers to individual’s behaviors and thoughts. This study was conducted to find the relationship between Iranian female students’ spiritual intelligence, language proficiency, and self-esteem. The participants of this study were 60 female high school students from Hazrate Masome High School in Farrashband, Iran and were studying in Grade Three. They filled two questionnaires of spiritual intelligence and self-esteem, and a language proficiency test which was taken from the U.S Language Proficiency Examination. The analyses of data revealed that there is a relationship between language proficiency and self-esteem. Moreover, the results of correlation and independent sample t-test showed that there was a significant correlation between spiritual intelligence and language proficiency. Finally, the results showed the relationship between these three variables. The results also showed that the higher the level of spiritual intelligence, the higher language proficiency and self-esteem will be.
Keywords
Intelligence, Language Proficiency, Multiple Intelligences, Self-Esteem Spiritual Intelligence
To cite this article
Hajar Aghaei, Fatemeh Behjat, Mohammad Rostampour, Investigating the Relationship between Iranian High School Female Students’ Spiritual Intelligence, Language Proficiency and Self-Esteem, International Journal of Language and Linguistics. Special Issue: Innovations in Foreign Language Teaching. Vol. 2, No. 6-1, 2014, pp. 19-27. doi: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2014020601.14
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