International Journal of Language and Linguistics

Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2021

  • Chief Wh-question Making Errors by the Undergraduate Level EFL Learners: An Analysis

    Md. Arif Khan Pathan

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2021
    Pages: 140-144
    Received: May 12, 2021
    Accepted: May 31, 2021
    Published: Jun. 09, 2021
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Wh-questions play a significant role in improving a language learner’s overall language development. The use of wh-questions not only helps build learners’ vocabulary and develop their ability to produce contextually appropriate and meaningful sentences but also consequently helps improve their conversational and social skills. By stimulating compl... Show More
  • Pronouns in the System of Parts of Speech

    Rakhim Zakievich Muryasov

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2021
    Pages: 145-154
    Received: May 24, 2021
    Accepted: Jun. 10, 2021
    Published: Jun. 21, 2021
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: There are no school and university grammars on Indo-European (I-E) and Turkic languages, as well as no studies on the theory of parts of speech, in which the problem of pronouns is regarded from various perspectives. This class of words does not have a general semantic feature that is characteristic of all its categories, as is the case in other au... Show More
  • Lexical Anglicisms in the Era of Economic Globalization: A Sociolinguistic Analysis

    Angelo Cece

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2021
    Pages: 155-160
    Received: Apr. 13, 2021
    Accepted: Jun. 15, 2021
    Published: Jun. 28, 2021
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: The future of a language is characterized by the interaction of different subjects, which favour their expansion, preservation, limitation or even extinction. The number of speakers, communication context and large economic blocs of the superpowers and transnational enterprises, determine the main factors of language change. Despite the interest of... Show More
  • A Multidimensional Analysis of Letters to the Shareholders by Chinese and American Advanced Equipment Manufacturing Companies

    Liao Shunzhu

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2021
    Pages: 161-168
    Received: Jun. 12, 2021
    Accepted: Jun. 22, 2021
    Published: Jun. 30, 2021
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Initially proposed by Biber, the multidimensional analysis is used to examine the linguistic variation among different registers, shedding light on the linguistic features and differences among different genres. Through the tool of MAT, this study compared the register features in the letters to the shareholders by Chinese and American advanced equ... Show More
  • A Correlative Study on Epistemic Modal Use and Tolerance of Ambiguity: Based on Functionalist Theories in Second Language Acquisition

    Lai Peng

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2021
    Pages: 169-179
    Received: May 24, 2021
    Accepted: Jun. 07, 2021
    Published: Jul. 02, 2021
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Given the importance of epistemic modal use in academic writing, this study aims to investigate how well Chinese PhD students use English epistemic modals and whether their achievement in using English epistemic modals is correlated with their degree of Tolerance of Ambiguity (TOA) as a learning style. Fill-in-the-blank exercises were designed to t... Show More
  • The Use of Metaphors and Similes in Political Discourse in Ghana

    Emmanuel Amo Ofori, Charlotte Ogbedee Laryea, Benjamin Kubi, Vera Yayrah Fiawornu

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2021
    Pages: 180-187
    Received: Jun. 15, 2021
    Accepted: Jun. 24, 2021
    Published: Jul. 08, 2021
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: In this study, we examine how ordinary citizens use metaphors and similes in their contributions to political discussions in Ghana. We argue that the use of these figurative language devices is a subtle means by which citizens expose politicians and question their competence in handling national issues. They also serve as means of minimizing direct... Show More
  • A Pragmatic Approach to the Composition, Types, Functions and Interpretations of Chinese-specific Curse Guo Ma “ta ma de” and Its Variants

    Yantao Zeng, Yuemei Liu

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2021
    Pages: 188-195
    Received: Jun. 14, 2021
    Accepted: Jun. 29, 2021
    Published: Jul. 10, 2021
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Guo Ma (Chinese-specific cursing terms) is a type of scolding expressions widely spread in colloquial Chinese, expressing such emotion as dislike, grudge, indignation. Searching the internet reveals that, while there are many comments and essays about this kind of words, a theoretically systematical discussion of their construction, pragmatic and t... Show More
  • Research on the Properties and Meaning of Quantifiers in Natural Language

    Shi Jing

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2021
    Pages: 196-200
    Received: Jun. 25, 2021
    Accepted: Jul. 09, 2021
    Published: Jul. 15, 2021
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Whether in daily communication or philosophical discussion, there are many expressions involving quantifiers. Quantifiers are popularly used in oral language. This paper discusses some basic problems of Quantifiers in philosophy and natural language. one side, Quantifiers are important in philosophical research as they are involves in the basic iss... Show More
  • Study on the Influential Analysis of Cultural Context in English-Chinese Translation

    Ning Li

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2021
    Pages: 201-205
    Received: Jun. 21, 2021
    Accepted: Jul. 05, 2021
    Published: Jul. 15, 2021
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Language is not only part of culture but also the carrier of it, different languages are embedded in different culture, the fact requires translators to not only take culture into account but also reflect cultural context and social reality in the processing of translation. Therefore, translation is the conversion between two languages, but also th... Show More
  • Linguistic Problems in Light of General Semiotics

    Solomonick Abraham

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2021
    Pages: 206-214
    Received: Jun. 22, 2021
    Accepted: Jul. 14, 2021
    Published: Jul. 22, 2021
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: This article is based on several primary postulates. Here is the leading one: A science, called semiotics, which is rapidly developing before our eyes, has not yet developed a standard and acceptable scientific paradigm for most of its followers. It is interpreted in various ways by schools that have arisen in different countries, relying on comple... Show More
  • The Family Relationships as a Sociolinguistic Marker in the Etiquette Speech of the Aristocracy in the XIX TH Century (Anglo-Russian Parallels)

    Sonya Nikolova Hristova

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2021
    Pages: 215-220
    Received: May 06, 2021
    Accepted: May 29, 2021
    Published: Jul. 27, 2021
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: The present study is devoted to the sociolinguistic aspect of speech etiquette, illustrated by the description, analysis and comparison of the etiquette speech of the Russian nobility and the English aristocracy in the nineteenth century. The research is carried out in line with sociolinguistics. The sociolinguistic approach allows speech to be con... Show More
  • The Multidimensionality of Cebuano Pronominals - Avenues for a Qualitative Investigation

    Jennifer Tan-de Ramos

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2021
    Pages: 221-225
    Received: Jul. 18, 2021
    Accepted: Jul. 29, 2021
    Published: Aug. 05, 2021
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: The study explores the properties of Cebuano pronominals in written discourse. Using Cebuano texts that are accessed online as its corpus, close textual analysis was done that aimed at determining the position of the pronouns in the clauses of written discourse. Findings reveal the dynamic nature of Cebuano pronominals in relation to the other morp... Show More
  • Geosemiotic Analysis of Signs in the Linguistic Cityscape of China

    Jing Jing Wang

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2021
    Pages: 226-232
    Received: Jul. 15, 2021
    Accepted: Aug. 10, 2021
    Published: Aug. 23, 2021
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: In the last several decades, adding English to public signboards has become a common phenomenon in China, and the inclusion of more foreign languages other than English for a sign in public sphere has drawn much attention in recent years. In sociolinguistic research, linguistic landscape is a more common term and has been adopted most in studies wo... Show More